Demographics, the Global Emergency

It is not an exaggeration to say that world demographics are entering uncharted territory. For the first time in a very long time, perhaps the first time ever, the dependency ratios (loosely, the ratio of dependents to workers) of all rich nations and of several emerging markets have started rising and will continue to rise for several decades.

This alone would be enough of a challenge for the world economy. But making things more complicated, it is taking place at the same time as the other big demographic transition of our age, the great population boom in some of the poorest nations of the world. Read more

Population Growth in Bangladesh

ABDUL BAYES, a Professor of Economics at Jahangirnagar University, writes in the FINANCIAL EXPRESS:

Dr Abdul Mannan, a Senior Research Fellow of the Bangladesh Institute of Development (BIDS) scans through the demographic transition that Bangladesh has passed through over time. I would like to draw heavily on his observations. The historical trend of population growth rate in this country suggests that population almost doubled its size in 60 years for the first time. However, the second doubling took only 30 years – the population of 55.2 million in 1961 increased to 111.4 million in 1991. However, suffice it to say, population has almost doubled in 37 years for the third time from 76.4 million in 1974 to about 150 million in 2011. The demographic structure of Bangladesh’s population suggests that her population will continue to grow for decades to come even if replacement level of fertility is attained by the year 2051. This would be due to the population momentum inherent in the young age structure.

Population trends in Bangladesh from the beginning of 20th century seem to follow a clear pattern: READ MORE.

Bangladesh Population Stands at 152.5 Million


Dhaka, Jul 16 ( – Bangladesh’s population stands at 152.5 million now, reveals the final results of the 5th Population and Housing Census 2011 released at Bangabhaban on Monday, a year after the preliminary counts.

The latest report shows 1,015 people live in one square kilometre in Bangladesh and to be precise the population of the country is 152,518,015.

President Mohammad Zillur Rahman released the census report prepared by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics that showed the population grew by 1.37 percent annually in the last decade, 0.21 percentage point less from the 2001’s 1.58 percent.

The results were released simultaneously from all district headquarters.

The President said the information found in the census would be ‘very useful’ in ensuing balance distribution of national resources, demarcation of electoral constituencies, and fixing quotas for jobs and others services. READ MORE.