Now a Trade Partnership with Africa?

A few days ago, the United States reached agreement on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with eleven other nations (see list in tables below). Here is how the Office of the US Trade Representative (USTR) describes the TPP on its web page:

President Obama’s trade agenda is dedicated to expanding economic opportunity for American workers, farmers, ranchers, and businesses. That’s why we are negotiating the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a 21st century trade agreement that will boost U.S. economic growth, support American jobs, and grow Made-in-America exports to some of the most dynamic and fastest growing countries in the world.

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Canada Population 35 Million


OTTAWA – Canada’s population has surpassed 35 million for the first time,  according to a new estimate from Statistics Canada, and this country’s continual  growth brings about both benefits and challenges, experts say.

The  federal agency issued a quarterly population estimate this week showing  35,002,447 people living in Canada as of Oct. 1 of this year. Andre Lebel, a  demographer with Statistics Canada, confirmed this is the first time the  country’s headcount has been officially pegged at 35 million or greater.

The latest population estimate shows growth of 121,956 people between  the third and fourth quarters of this year, and 396,091 over 12 months. That  makes for growth of 1.1 per cent over the last year.

Read it on Global News:  Global Toronto | Canadian population hits 35 million: StatsCan

Canada: Aging population Fuels Nursing Home Boom


The number of seniors living in a collective dwelling such as a nursing home has increased from 285,370 in 2001 to 393,150 in 2011.

Canada’s rapidly aging population has prompted a 38 per cent increase of the number of seniors living in nursing homes or other collective dwellings over the last decade, according to census figures released Wednesday by Statistics Canada.

The numbers suggested that many trends were steady since 2001, with nearly four out of five seniors still living alone or with their partners, and the rest living either in a collective, with relatives or non-relatives.

But the growth in the total amount of Canadians aged 65 and over, from about 3.9 million in 2001 to about 4.9 million in 2011, is causing significant growth in every category, including retirement and nursing homes or hospitals.

“You hear the story that everybody is living longer, healthier lives, and that’s still true,” said Susan Eng, a vice president for CARP, an advocacy group for Canadian seniors, said in an interview. READ MORE.

The Canadian Population in 2011

STATISTICS CANADA released the results of the  latest Canadian census in a new report THE CANADIAN POPULATION IN 2011: AGE AND SEX with the following highlights:

  • The number of seniors aged 65 and over increased 14.1% between 2006 and 2011 to nearly 5 million. This rate of growth was higher than that of children aged 14 and under (0.5%) and people aged 15 to 64 (5.7%).
  • Seniors accounted for a record high of 14.8% of the population in Canada in 2011, up from 13.7% five years earlier.
  • In 2011, the proportion of seniors in Canada was among the lowest of the G8 countries.
  • The population of children aged 4 and under increased 11.0% between 2006 and 2011. This was the highest growth rate for this age group since the 1956 to 1961 period during the baby boom.
  • In 2011, there were 5,825 centenarians in Canada, up 25.7% since 2006. This was the second most rapidly growing age group among all age groups after those aged 60 to 64.
  • In 2011, the working-age population (those aged 15 to 64) represented 68.5% of the Canadian population. This proportion was higher than in any other G8 country, except Russia.
  • Among the working-age population, 42.4% were in the age group 45 to 64, a record high proportion. Almost all people aged 45 to 64 in 2011 were baby boomers.
  • In 2011, census data showed for the first time that there were more people aged 55 to 64, typically the age group where people leave the labour force, than aged 15 to 24, typically the age group where people enter it.
  • In 2011, the proportion of seniors was the highest in the Atlantic provinces, Quebec and British Columbia.
  • For the first time in 50 years, the number of children aged 4 and under increased between 2006 and 2011 in all provinces and territories.
  • In 2011, all census metropolitan areas located west of Ontario had a proportion of people aged 65 and over below the national average of 14.8%, except for Kelowna and Victoria in British Columbia.
  • Nearly 1 in 5 people were aged 65 and over in Peterborough and Trois-Rivières; in Calgary, this proportion was lower than 1 in 10 people.
  • Most census metropolitan areas with proportions of seniors lower than the Canadian average (such as Calgary, Halifax and St. John’s) also had higher-than-average proportions of people aged between 15 and 64.
  • Among census agglomerations, Parksville, on Vancouver Island in British Columbia and Elliot Lake, in Ontario, had the highest proportion of seniors, at twice the national average of 14.8%.
  • In 2011, 5 of the 10 census agglomerations that registered the highest proportions of people aged 15 to 64 were in Alberta.
  • Seven of the 10 municipalities with the highest proportion of seniors were in British Columbia.