The Futures Institute with support from the USAID Health Policy Initiative has developed an interactive graphic to show the demographic dividend by country. A country reaps a ‘demographic dividend’ about two decades after a big decline in its birth rate. The dividend comes when the number of dependents per working adult also declines, allowing the diversion of capital towards other uses.
“To see how the demographic dividend evolves you can compare the age structures of two countries. This will be most apparent if you select an Asian country, such as Thailand, to show in the left-hand pyramid and a high-fertility country, such as Uganda, for the right-hand pyramid. Then click the time arrow to see the simulation.”